6.6 Additional advice on REDD+ reporting and verification
Although not set out in COP decisions, to address the requirements of the technical analysis a country may wish as part of an internal verification process (Chapter 2, Section 2.3.4) to check that:
- information on methodologies is communicated consistently between the most recent FREL/FRL submission and the REDD+ technical annex to the Biennial Update Report and any differences explained
- the scope of the FREL/FRL and the estimates presented REDD+ technical annex are consistent with regard to territorial forest area, forest and other land use definitions, stratification, reported REDD+ activities and carbon pools(1)
- data sources (i.e. sources of ground observations and remote sensing data) are transparently, consistently, completely and accurately applied in the generation of estimates for both the FREL/FRL and the REDD+ annex to the BUR(2). Consistency between FREL/FRLs and GHGIs is covered in more detail in Chapter 2, Section 2.3.3.
- assumptions are transparently, consistently, completely and accurately reported for both the FREL/FRL report and the REDD+ annex to the BUR
- the following information on the FREL is provided within the technical annex:
- a summary of the data values,
- methodologies applied, and the
- start and end date of the historical period
- estimates provided in the technical annex are expressed in tonnes of CO2 equivalent per year
- the date of the FREL/FRL submission and the date of its final technical assessment report
- there is a description of how the NFMS enables the assessment of different types of forest in the country, including natural forest as defined by the Party(5),
- in the case of subnational monitoring, an explanation is provided of how displacement of emissions and integration of subnational monitoring systems into national monitoring is being addressed.
- a description is provided of how IPCC guidance and guidelines, have been used as the basis for estimating anthropogenic forest-related greenhouse gas emissions by sources and removals by sinks, forest carbon stocks and forest area changes. Advice on the relationship between IPCC guidance and guidelines and estimation of REDD+ activities is presented in Chapter 3.
- estimates are presented transparently, consistently, accurately to the extent possible, with uncertainties reduced, taking into account national capabilities and capacities
- the results are available, suitable and presented completely to allow their reconstruction(6)
Paragraph 15 of decision 14/CP.19 notes that results-based actions may be eligible for market-based approaches that could be developed by the COP and further modalities for verification could be developed in this context.
This consistency will enable a robust and complete comparison between the FREL/FRL and reported emission reductions
‘transparent’ means that the assumptions and methodologies used should be clearly explained to facilitate replication and assessment of estimates by users of the reported information;
‘consistent’ means that estimates should be internally consistent in all elements over a period of years;
‘complete’ means the provision of information that allows for the reconstruction of the results;
‘accurate’ means estimates are systematically neither over nor under true emissions or removals, so far as can be judged, and that uncertainties are reduced so far as is practicable.
By referencing decision 4/CP.15 , decision 14/CP.19, paragraphs 9 and 11c require Parties to use a combination of remote sensing and ground-based forest carbon inventory approaches for estimating, as appropriate, anthropogenic forest-related greenhouse gas emissions by sources and removals by sinks, forest carbon stocks and forest area changes.
In accordance with decision 14/CP.19, paragraph 11c , a description of the data and information used in the NFMS should be provided in the technical annex. This description could include data collection processes and any relationships between the national LULUCF greenhouse gas inventory and related NAMAs (if any, as appropriate). It could also include a description of how the NFMS builds on existing systems and produces estimates that are transparent, consistent over time, and are suitable for measuring, reporting and verifying anthropogenic forest-related emissions by sources and removals by sinks, forest carbon stocks, and forest carbon stock and forest-area changes resulting from the implementation of the reported REDD+ activities.
IPCC methods require forest classification and associated stratification and the area of each stratum. A description of the forest stratification, inclusive of natural forest, should be provided as part of the description of the NFMS.
In accordance with decision 14/CP.19, paragraph 11b and 11c , the technical annex should present the necessary information that allows for the reconstruction of results. This requirement does not necessarily require the LULUCF experts to reproduce the results but rather assess whether enough information has been provided to allow for their reconstruction