6.2 Reporting forest reference emission levels and forest reference levels
Decisions 12/CP.17 and 13/CP.19 invite countries to submit, voluntarily and in the context of results-based payments, proposed FREL/FRLs. These decisions address modalities for FREL/FRLs, established taking into account decision 4/CP.15 and maintaining consistency with each country’s GHGI(1). An annex to 12/CP.17 specifies information to be submitted on the development of FREL/FRLs, including details of national circumstances (Chapter 2, Section 2.3.3 which discusses the interpretation of technical terms associated with FREL/FRLs).
The annex to decision 12/CP.17 says that information, amongst other things should:
- be guided by the most recent IPCC guidance and guidelines as adopted or encouraged by the COP;
- include in a comprehensive way information used in constructing the FREL/FRL, including historical data;
- be transparent, complete, consistent and accurate and include information on any changes from previous submissions;
- include pools, gases and activities listed in paragraph 70 of decision 1/CP.16 which have been included in the FREL/FRL and any reasons for omitting pools or activities from the construction of FREL/FRLs, noting that significant pools and/or activities should not be excluded;
- include the definition of forest used and if this is different from the definition used in the national greenhouse gas inventory or in reporting to other international organizations, an explanation why.
Submitted FREL/FRLs are published on the UNFCCC website , together with any updated versions of the FREL/FRLs made as a result of the technical assessment process, or subsequently(2).
Maintaining consistency with National Greenhouse Inventory approaches for AFOLU reporting is vital to meeting the IPCC good practice principles (Chapter 2). Effective institutional arrangements that foster close coordination between agencies involved in REDD+ and National greenhouse Inventory reporting, where they are not the same agencies, will ensure effective use of resources and improve consistency in reporting (Chapter 1)
Decision 12/CP.17, paragraph 12 states that ‘…a developing country Party should update a forest reference emission level and/or forest reference level periodically as appropriate, taking into account new knowledge, new trends and any modification of scope and methodologies.’