Uncertainty [MGD Sections]

UNFCCC decisions and requirements
IPCC good practice guidance
Relationship to UNFCCC
GHGI coverage, approaches, methods and tiers
Design decisions relevant to national forest monitoring systems
Land cover, land use and stratification
Forest reference emission levels and forest reference levels
Quality assurance and quality control
Guiding principles – Requirements and design decisions
Estimation methods for REDD+ activities
Integration frameworks for estimating emission and removals
Selecting an integration framework
Activity data x emission/removal factor tools
Fully integrated tools
Practical considerations in choosing an integration tool
Guiding principles – Methods and approaches
Remote sensing observations
Coarse resolution optical data
Medium resolution optical data
High resolution optical data
L-band Synthetic aperture radar
C-band and X-band SAR
Global forest cover change datasets
Ground-based observations
National forest inventories
Auxiliary data
Guiding principles – Remote sensing and ground-based observations
Activity data
Methods for estimating activity data
Maps of forest/non-forest, land use, or forest stratification
Detecting areas of change
Additional map products from remote sensing
Estimating uncertainty of area and change in area
Estimating total emissions/removals and its uncertainty
REDD+ requirements and procedures
Reporting forest reference emission levels and forest reference levels
Technical assessment of forest reference emission levels and forest reference levels
Reporting results of REDD+ activities
Technical analysis of the REDD+ annex to the BUR
Additional advice on REDD+ reporting and verification
Guiding Principles – Reporting and verification of emissions and removals
Financial considerations
Country examples – Tier 3 integration
Use of global forest change map data
Relative efficiencies
Developing and using allometric models to estimate biomass

Record Keeping [MGD Sections]

Integration + Estimation [MGD Sections]

Ground Based Observations [MGD Sections]

2.3.3   Forest reference emission levels and forest reference levels Previous topic Parent topic Child topic Next topic

An NFMS is likely to need to consider methodological issues associated with the construction of FREL and/or FRLs as benchmarks for assessing Parties’ performances in implementing REDD+ activities. This implies consideration of the meaning of technical terms used in COP decisions, discussed in this section which is based on material previously published as GFOI MGD Module 3(1). Other useful sources i) the GOFC-GOLD Sourcebook Opens in new window, ii) UN-REDD’s Emerging approaches to Forest Reference Emission Levels and/or Forest Reference Levels for REDD+ Opens in new window, also iii) the Technical considerations for FREL and/or FRL construction for REDD+ under the UNFCCC Opens in new window and the iv) World Bank Carbon Fund Methodological Framework Opens in new window. The World Bank Methodological Framework applies to pilot implementation under the Carbon Fund of the Bank’s Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF), and has some requirements (e.g. concerning conservativeness, and to limit adjustments for national circumstances under the terms of decision 12/CP.17 Opens in new window) which are more elaborated or restrictive than the COP decisions.

GFOI Module 3 Opens in new window provides advice on technical issues related to decisions 12/CP.17 Opens in new window and 13/CP.19 Opens in new window. It can be downloaded from the GFOI website Opens in new window.