Uncertainty [MGD Sections]

UNFCCC decisions and requirements
IPCC good practice guidance
Relationship to UNFCCC
GHGI coverage, approaches, methods and tiers
Design decisions relevant to national forest monitoring systems
Land cover, land use and stratification
Forest reference emission levels and forest reference levels
Quality assurance and quality control
Guiding principles – Requirements and design decisions
Estimation methods for REDD+ activities
Integration frameworks for estimating emission and removals
Selecting an integration framework
Activity data x emission/removal factor tools
Fully integrated tools
Practical considerations in choosing an integration tool
Guiding principles – Methods and approaches
Remote sensing observations
Coarse resolution optical data
Medium resolution optical data
High resolution optical data
L-band Synthetic aperture radar
C-band and X-band SAR
Global forest cover change datasets
Ground-based observations
National forest inventories
Auxiliary data
Guiding principles – Remote sensing and ground-based observations
Activity data
Methods for estimating activity data
Maps of forest/non-forest, land use, or forest stratification
Detecting areas of change
Additional map products from remote sensing
Estimating uncertainty of area and change in area
Estimating total emissions/removals and its uncertainty
REDD+ requirements and procedures
Reporting forest reference emission levels and forest reference levels
Technical assessment of forest reference emission levels and forest reference levels
Reporting results of REDD+ activities
Technical analysis of the REDD+ annex to the BUR
Additional advice on REDD+ reporting and verification
Guiding Principles – Reporting and verification of emissions and removals
Financial considerations
Country examples – Tier 3 integration
Use of global forest change map data
Relative efficiencies
Developing and using allometric models to estimate biomass

Record Keeping [MGD Sections]

Integration + Estimation [MGD Sections]

Ground Based Observations [MGD Sections]

6.2   Reporting forest reference emission levels and forest reference levels Previous topic Parent topic Child topic Next topic

Decisions 12/CP.17 Opens in new window and 13/CP.19 Opens in new window invite countries to submit, voluntarily and in the context of results-based payments, proposed FREL/FRLs. These decisions address modalities for FREL/FRLs, established taking into account decision 4/CP.15 Opens in new window and maintaining consistency with each country’s GHGI(1). An annex to 12/CP.17 Opens in new window specifies information to be submitted on the development of FREL/FRLs, including details of national circumstances (Chapter 2, Section 2.3.3 which discusses the interpretation of technical terms associated with FREL/FRLs).
The annex to decision 12/CP.17 Opens in new window says that information, amongst other things should:
  • be guided by the most recent IPCC guidance and guidelines as adopted or encouraged by the COP;
  • include in a comprehensive way information used in constructing the FREL/FRL, including historical data;
  • be transparent, complete, consistent and accurate and include information on any changes from previous submissions;
  • include pools, gases and activities listed in paragraph 70 of decision 1/CP.16 Opens in new window which have been included in the FREL/FRL and any reasons for omitting pools or activities from the construction of FREL/FRLs, noting that significant pools and/or activities should not be excluded;
  • include the definition of forest used and if this is different from the definition used in the national greenhouse gas inventory or in reporting to other international organizations, an explanation why.
Submitted FREL/FRLs are published on the UNFCCC website Opens in new window, together with any updated versions of the FREL/FRLs made as a result of the technical assessment process, or subsequently(2).

Maintaining consistency with National Greenhouse Inventory approaches for AFOLU reporting is vital to meeting the IPCC good practice principles (Chapter 2). Effective institutional arrangements that foster close coordination between agencies involved in REDD+ and National greenhouse Inventory reporting, where they are not the same agencies, will ensure effective use of resources and improve consistency in reporting (Chapter 1)
Decision 12/CP.17, paragraph 12 Opens in new window states that ‘…a developing country Party should update a forest reference emission level and/or forest reference level periodically as appropriate, taking into account new knowledge, new trends and any modification of scope and methodologies.’